WORLD FOOD DAY!
16th OCTOBER is a day celebrated yearly to highlight the parts of the world population that lacks the basic necessity of food & this day call out for the actions of the related sectors to make healthy food available to those individuals which face inaccessibility. With the aim to promote worldwide awareness & strengthen international solidarity in struggle against unavailability of hunger and malnutrition, this initiative has been taken by FAO. It asks for the action to rise for these not less but reaching billion individuals who are facing deficiency of the necessary amount of their basic right; amongst of whom 11 million are children, recorded to die each year in their primary years of life that’s (under 5years).
Now the point comes to which countries are majorly facing this disastrous situation, then its undeveloped countries. While developed countries invest on better technology to feed its people which poor countries can’t afford. However the poverty enters as a second factor with first to be the population size as large population puts huge amount to generate and serve. But it is better to say that both these factors go hand to hand. Timor-Leste is one example of the poorest countries of Asia with a population of 1.2 million of which 1/3 suffers chronic food insecurity. Above it we can list Yemen which has recently ranked as the world worst humanitarian crisis with food insecurity risen to about 20 million across the country with 10 million facing extreme levels of hunger, these figures have led to the UN declaring Yemen as the world’s largest food security crisis, driven primarily by conflict. However, CAR (Central African Republic) has always remain at the top of the list as “hungriest countries in the world” & is the world’s poorest country. Concluded can be that these countries due to their lack of sufficient resources by that of the total population is the main formula where they failed. Here we have an evidence of developed countries which has reduce their production cycle (especially due to the women choosing to be career oriented so choosing to have few and delaying having children) which means there is less dependency rate to feed. “One child policy” in China is yet another example to how the governments of developed countries are applying strict policy’s to control their beyond resources population growth, so this say that it’s the failure of poor countries to administer in such a way which lead them poverty-stricken yet it’s still not promising. According to a demographics “The world's population, now 5300 million, is increasing by approximately 250 000 people every day. It is estimated that 1 000 million people will be born during this decade. Over the next ten years, the population of the industrialized world will grow by 56 million, while the number of people living in developing countries will expand to over 900 million (United Nations Population Division, 1989; UNFPA, 1989). By and large, the biggest increases will occur in the poorest countries - those societies least equipped to meet the needs of the new arrivals and invest in their future.”
One other way to how population growth is contributing to food crisis is that how agricultural growth is outpacing population growth. Residency structures covering the crop fields so leaving not enough of the green land to agriculture to practice on, yet again the population causing issue. Developing and developed countries are able to manage this problem through green revolution technology where they produced surfeit of food (with for instance disease resistant crops) at high rates making so small land after industrialization does not remain a big issue for them anymore but for indigent. Land fragmentation is one factor too, where those of in upper hierarchy are exploiting these some of left resources when they just buy several un-contiguous plots not to utilize but for ownership. This also leave little land for the farmers to utilize. This unfair distribution contributes to as main cause why half of the world is dying of starvation while other half is enjoying the advantage of the 21st century technology. Unexpectedly rising basic food commodities of cereal, vegetable oil, dairy, meat & sugar are recorded to have 12% higher bills at checkouts since early 2015 & is recorded that maize and wheat prices have doubled with rice prices reaching unpredictably. One more example is the soaring prices of onions which has led to riots in India with consequences that government was forced to intervene, cut its export & import duties. Further the world food programme estimates that people in the developing world spend 60-80% of their household income on food.
Climate change is yet another factor which has its major role to play in this food crisis to occur. Drought: ‘a prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to shortage of water’ & Famine: ‘extreme scarcity of food, with mainly failure of crop’- both these terms hence themselves are defined as to occur; due the change in the climate. Similarly the former president of Ireland, Mary Robinson therefore wrote in the introduction that “it is a terrible global indictment that after decades of sustained progress in reducing global hunger, climate change and conflict are now undermining food security in the world’s most vulnerable regions.” Chad, Madagascar, Zambia, Liberia & Haiti with many others in the list comes under those countries which are faced food crisis to life threatening point only because of the climate instability involving cyclones, floods, droughts, making salinity, water logging, barren land, low water table, erosion etc. now these trends are to be found globally despite of developed or developing economy , but it will not be wrong to say that majorly the contribution is from the developed world which then makes the whole of the world suffer since everyone shares the same environment with no boundaries.