How can we safeguard the plantation?
There is minimal or no fire risk where there is insufficient combustible material to allow a ground fire to ignite, according to a key principle in fire protection for forest plantations. Plantation fires can only become dangerous and destructive if they can burn at ground level.
What can we do to keep our woods safe?
The following are some of the steps we may take to protect our forest resources.
Tree Cutting that is Regulated and Planned. Forest Fire Control. Reforestation and Afforestation.
Examine Forest Clearing for Agricultural and Habitat Purposes.
Forest Protection. Proper Forest and Forest Products Utilization.
The plantation’s upkeep is as follows:
The work on a plantation should not be regarded finished once it has been established. It will be necessary, for example, to protect the plantation against weather, fire, insects and fungi, and animals. A variety of cultural treatments also may be required to meet the purpose of the plantation.
Weather Phenomena: The occurrence of strong winds is usually unexpected. There is little that can be done to defend forest plantations against weather damage other than to plant tree species that are known to be resistant to the negative effects of local weather patterns, or to plant tree and shrub stands in covered regions. Some tree and shrub species are more wind resistant than others, and their crowns and branches are less likely to break off in high winds.
Plantations are highly susceptible to fire damage. The risk of fire is higher in dryer climates, but even in reasonably moist or heavy-rainfall places, there may be hot and dry intervals when the risk of fire is considerable.
Insects and fungi: Most insects and fungi are picky about the species they feed on. Trees and shrubs generally achieve a condition of equilibrium with native insects in their natural environment. Exotic pests can, however, be introduced when exotic plants and flowers are planted. Quite often, these exotic pests adjust quickly to their new environment’s conditions.
Wild animals: Wild animals damage forest plantations primarily by tree browsing or de-barking. Rabbits (rats, mice, moles, and squirrels), lagomorphs (hares and rabbits), and artiodactyls (squirrels and hares) are the three orders of wild animals that cause the most damage (deer, antelopes, pigs and buffaloes).
Treatments based on culture
Cultural activities are required to create conditions that are favorable to the survival, subsequent growth, and productivity of the plantation’s trees or shrubs. In most forest plantations, cultural activities are concerned with avoiding competing plants from suppressing the trees and shrubs; this treatment is commonly referred to as weeding.
Weeding is a cultural procedure that eliminates or inhibits unwanted plants that, if left unchecked, would impair the plantation crop’s growth. Weeding increases the availability of all or the most crucial of these elements to the trees and shrubs by fighting with unwanted plants for light, water, and fertilizers.
Thinning: To achieve the spacing between the trees, thinning of forest plantations, particularly those developed for wood production, may be required. This spacing is a compromise between a “broad” spacing to save cost on planting and inter-tree competition during rains.
Watering: To achieve a reasonable rate of survival, forest plantations in dry places frequently require at least regular watering during the first growth season. Watering should begin once the rains have stopped and the soil moisture content has dropped to around the drying coefficient; then it should be repeated at times until the next rainy season begins. Before watering, remove weeds from the area around the tree and create a small pool around the stem of each tree or shrub to collect as much water as possible.
Conclusion: The presence of oxygen, water, and plants is the most important factor in our ability to survive on our planet. They are one of the planet’s most important sources of water and oxygen. It is our responsibility to maintain trees, or, in the alternative, we should prepare to face the consequences. Humans can benefit from trees in a variety of ways. They not only help to preserve carbon in the atmosphere, but they also help to provide clean air, protect the soil, and provide colors and refuge homes to reduce energy costs and give people a sense of very well. Conservation groups are obviously ready to leverage on this passion in order to address climate change.