An ecosystem is a self-sufficient unit of the environment. An Ecosystem refers to an area where both abiotic and biotic constituents are interacting with each other. Biotic Components include living things i.e., plants, animals, microorganisms, and other life that exist on earth. Abiotic Components are air, water, soil, etc. Aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems are two types of ecosystems on this Earth.
Whereas, A Balanced Ecosystem is an interaction between organisms and their surroundings in a sustainable manner. A balanced ecosystem represents sustainable habitat. Biodiversity plays an important role in maintaining or balancing the ecosystem. Similarly, surrounding conditions should be favorable for their survival. A balanced ecosystem achieves when biotic and abiotic constituents are cooperative. A balanced ecosystem is necessary for the smooth functioning of things in the environment.
An imbalance in biodiversity and disturbing their surroundings causes an Imbalanced Ecosystem. An imbalance ecosystem causes disturbance of the food chain and food web. This affected the flow of material and energy in other trophic levels.
Causes of Imbalanced Ecosystem
Expansion of population, urbanization, and industrial development are the causes of imbalance ecosystems. Overpopulation and overhunting are the main causes of disturbance of the ecosystem. Because these activities lead to many other destructive activities i.e., deforestation. Rapid deforestation is the consequence of urbanization and overpopulation to fulfill the requirements of food and place and fuel. This affects biotic and abiotic components of the environment. As the destruction of habitat causes the loss of species of plants and animals. It has a large impact on the environment. It causes acidic rain, global warming, and many other bad consequences.
These environmental hazards adversely disturb soil ecology. It causes water, land, and air pollution. Making the ecosystem poor for the survival of life. Result of which species or life enter in zone of endangered and extinction. It contributes to the breaking of this cooperative relationship. Creates an imbalance of the ecosystem
Although, humans depend on a balanced ecosystem in terms of productive soil and healthy meat and fish. The pollution input from humans’ activities (industries and agriculture) disrupts this balance of the ecosystem.
Tiny Pond to Largest Desert All are Ecosystems.
For sustainable interaction between biotic and abiotic components, there is a need for balanced ecosystems.
Ideas To Sustain Ecological Balance
Regardless of socio-cultural constraints, numerous efficient measures such as family planning and control of birth rates should be taken for controlling the population at both individual and government levels.
- Wisely management of natural resources
Our natural resources like fossil fuels, minerals, and water resources deplete. Unsustainable use of non-renewable resources causes pollution. Polluting their environment puts life in danger. In marine ecosystems, the loss of some species disturbs the entire ecosystem. So, there is a need to use resources wisely. A sustainable way to use existing resources sustains ecological balance.to make the terrestrial ecosystem balance. Adopting Energy conserving strategies. Reduce the use of non-renewable resources. Use renewable resources i.e., wind energy, solar energy, and hydropower
- Prevent contamination of water resources
Pollution originates from domestic and industrial effluents and runoff from agriculture. The discharge of effluents in water bodies causes eutrophication. Eutrophication promotes the growth of algal bloom. This phenomenon makes the aquatic environment hypoxic. This condition threatens aquatic life. So, there is a need for regulatory laws for the disposal of waste. Preventive measures about the safety of water bodies. Similarly, oil spillage and disposal of non-biodegradable waste harm marine ecosystems.
Other preventive practices
Using of 3Rs strategy as a preventive measure. It lessens the overconsumption of natural resources. People might be given awareness about ecological living for preventing and sustaining the balance of ecology. Replanting forests, promoting using biofuels, and fish quotas are some important measures that can help to restore the balance of the ecosystem by reducing the effects of human input.
Plantation plays an important role in the restoration of the ecosystem. The Ten billion tree tsunami project plays an important role in it. It provides shelter or habitat for wildlife. Protect biodiversity. Help in controlling pollution and make the ecosystem green.