Multilateral Environment Agreement
The international agreement between three or more countries for the protection of the environment is called a Multilateral Environment Agreement (MEAS). These agreements have a goal of sustainability in the environment. MEAs deal with global environmental issues. Governed by International Law and documented in written and signed.
The goal of Multilateral Environment Agreements
Multilateral environment agreements are signed to ensure global sustainability. Mitigating environmental problems. Protecting the environment and public health. Internationally ratified MEAS has financial help and solidarity.
MEAS ratified by Pakistan
Similarly, Pakistan has ratified many MEAS to deal with environmental concerns. Pakistan has signatory MEAS and it is the responsibility of the state to implement it. MEAS are broadly classified into five categories:
- Forestry and Biodiversity
- Climate Change
- Chemical & Hazardous waste
- Regional Seas
- Forestry / biodiversity
MEAS on forestry / Biodiversity ratified to protect and conserve the biodiversity of flora and fauna. The convention on forestry/biodiversity was as follows
1.Convention on Biological Diversity
The convention on biological diversity deals with the conservation of different varieties of species on the earth. It deals with fair and equitable sharing of benefits on the use of genetic resources obtained from the wildlife of flora and fauna. It covers all domains of biodiversity from all aspects. Promote sustainable use of its components.
This convention was rectified by 168 countries.
2. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
CITES is an MEA on international Trade in Endangered species of wild flora and fauna The objective of this convention. It was signed to ensure the safety of wildlife. To ensure that international trading does not threaten its species. 178 states are involved in this convention.
3. Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Ramsar Convention).
This convention is known as Ramsar Convention due to the place where it was signed. The aim of this convention is to conserve the wetlands. It also has aim to focus on the wisely use of wetlands. It was 170 nations’ signatory convention.
- United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
This convention deals with marine activities and the protection of marine life. Sustainable use of marine resources and provide conservation of marine life. It was known as the Convention on the law of seas.
- Chemical and Hazardous Waste
MEAS on chemical and hazardous waste management include convention on movement and disposal and their persistence in the environment. These describe as the following
- Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal.
This international agreement is on the management of waste or chemical or hazardous waste in the environment. It deals with the control of the transboundary movement of chemical or hazardous waste.
It deals with environment-friendly management of waste. And the number of signatories of this convention is 58.
- Climate Change
- United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
The United Nations framework convention on climate change is an international treaty to stabilize or combat the emission of greenhouse gasses. To reduce the interference of anthropogenic activities with climatic pattern or system.