Flood in Pakistan 2022 is a catastrophic flood in the history of Pakistan. This year in Pakistan catastrophic flood drowned one-third country in water. This destructive flood impacted 330 million people and caused the death of more than 1500 people. Flood in the cities of Punjab, Sindh, and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa cause devastating destructions. It makes people homeless, and jobless and destroys the system of water and gas, and electricity supply even if they do not have a single drop of clean water and food to survive in this tragedy.
Reasons behind Flood
This flood arose in Pakistan in June 2022 in the cities near the Indus River. This occurs due to an overflow of water from the bank of the river. As the rivers are overfilled from their capacity. There are many reasons behind the flood that are listed below
- Climate and environment
This year’s monsoon rainfall is more than its previous record. Monson’s rainfall is 780% and 500% more than the average rainfall in Pakistan. Monsoon rainfall sets a record of rain in July. On the other hand, heat waves cause the melting glaciers. The melting of glaciers also added a specific amount of water to the Indus River.
In other words, climate change could be described as causing calamities in Pakistan. The impact of climate on the environment and its factors is significant. Such excessive emissions of GHGs contribute to increasing the intensity of the weather and causing global warming.
- Mismanagement of associated departments
The 2022 flood in Pakistan is also a result of mismanagement of associated departments such as the Ministry of Water Resources and Climate. The improper initiatives and mismanagement of ministries replicated in the form of this flood.
The disaster management system comprises the discovery, planning, and implementation of strategies. but insufficient measures and planning lead Pakistan to this emergency. During this situation, an emergency is declared in Pakistan.
Impacts of Flood
The 2022 flood in Pakistan not only has an impact on the local community but also has an impact on the economy of the Country.
- Loss of facilities
It not only impacted infrastructure, but also causes the loss of lives. This flood left remarkable impacts on the lives of those areas. Flood in the areas associated with the Indus River and its associated rivers in KPK, Sindh, Northeast Punjab, and Balochistan deprived the people of the facilities that are needed to survive.
Their homes, restaurants, shops, institutions, medical health facilities, the system of water and gas, and electricity were also destroyed. They drowned in the water for many days. No one came to assist them. It is estimated that this catastrophic flood caused the loss of 33 billion dollars. It damaged the bridges and but, in some countries, it caused braked down of bridges and Veers.
- Threaten to food security
This disaster caused a threat to food security, crops destroyed, and agricultural land merged with water. The people who earned money and enjoyed their meal before the flood. Now rely on the government and people for a single bite of food to serve their children and family for one time. Cattles drown in the flooded water and flow down with water.
This not only effect the flood victims, but also large impact on the supply of food all over the country and in other countries. It increases the imports of food which involves and food and vegetable, etc. and causes inflammation all over the country.
- Pledge to support
This disaster caused a threat to food security, crops were destroyed, and agricultural land merged with water. The people who earned money and enjoyed their meals before the flood. Now rely on the government and people for a single bite of food to serve their children and family for one time. Cattles are drowned in the flooded water and flow down with water.
This not only affects the flood victims but also have large impact on the supply of food all over the country and in other countries. It increases the imports of food which involve food and vegetable etc. and causes inflammation all over the country.